Understanding the Criminal Process in Texas: From Arrest to Trial

At The Law Office of Jay Granberry, we understand that involvement in the criminal justice system can be a daunting and overwhelming experience. That's why we're here to guide our clients through every step of the process, ensuring that their rights are protected, and their interests are represented. In this blog post, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the criminal process in Texas, from arrest to trial, shedding light on the steps involved and the importance of legal representation.

Arrest: The Beginning of the Process

The criminal process in Texas typically begins with an arrest. Law enforcement officers can arrest individuals if they have probable cause to believe a crime has been committed. During an arrest, the person is taken into custody and is read their Miranda rights, including the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney. It is crucial to exercise these rights and refrain from making any statements without the presence of legal counsel.

Booking and Bail

After the arrest, the individual is taken to a local police station or county jail for booking. Personal information is recorded, fingerprints are taken, and photographs are captured during this process. Following booking, a bail hearing is conducted to determine whether the accused can be released from custody pending trial. A skilled criminal defense attorney can advocate for their client's release or argue for a reduced bail amount.

The Grand Jury

In felony cases, the grand jury is the next step in the criminal process. The grand jury reviews the evidence presented by the prosecution and decides whether there is sufficient evidence to indict the accused. If the grand jury issues an indictment, formal charges are filed, and the case proceeds to the trial phase. It is crucial to have a knowledgeable attorney present during grand jury proceedings to protect the rights and interests of the accused.

Pre-trial Proceedings

Once charges have been filed, pre-trial proceedings begin. During this phase, the defense and prosecution exchange evidence, conduct investigations and file pre-trial motions. These motions may include requests to suppress evidence, dismiss charges, or change the trial venue. Skilled defense attorneys meticulously analyze the evidence, identify weaknesses in the prosecution's case, and build a strong defense strategy.

Plea Bargaining

In many cases, plea negotiations occur between the defense and the prosecution. Plea bargaining involves the accused agreeing to plead guilty for a reduced sentence or lesser charges. Experienced defense attorneys negotiate on behalf of their clients to secure the most favorable outcome possible. However, accepting a plea bargain ultimately rests with the accused.


If a case proceeds to trial, it culminates the criminal process. The defense presents its case, challenges the prosecution's evidence, and cross-examines witnesses. The prosecution must prove the accused's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. A skilled trial attorney crafts persuasive arguments, strategically selects a jury, and fights vigorously to defend the accused. The jury then deliberates and delivers a verdict of either guilty or not guilty.

Understanding the criminal process in Texas is essential for anyone involved in a criminal case. Each step requires careful navigation and skilled legal representation from the initial arrest to the trial. At The Law Office of Jay Granberry, we are committed to guiding our clients through this complex process, protecting their rights, and advocating for their best interests. Our experienced team is ready to provide the knowledgeable and aggressive defense you deserve.

Contact The Law Office of Jay Granberry today to schedule a consultation and let our experienced team guide you through every step of your case! 

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